Harry Castling & Fred Godfrey — London: Francis, Day &
Hunter; Melbourne: Stanley Mullen, 1908.
* * * * * * * * * * * *
Billy Williams recorded six versions of this song: 16 April 1908 for Homophon,
April 1908 for Zonophone, ca. August 1908 for Edison Standard Cylinder,
ca. January 1909 for Jumbo, ca. August 1909 for Edison Bell, ca. September
1909 for Pathé. Reissues appeared on several other labels.1
Albert Marsh (Clarion 211, 1908) [cylinder]
||In the days before recording
formats were standardized, many different patents competed. This is an example of
a vertical cut, center-start pressing, whereby the needle
tracked the groove up and down (rather than side to side as became
later on), and the groove spiraled from the center to the
outside edge (rather than from the edge inward).
1 For comprehensive discographies of recordings by Billy Williams, see Brian Rust,
British Music Hall on Record (Harrow, UK: Gramophone, 1979); and Frank
Andrews and Ernie Bayly, Billy Williams’ Records: A Study in Discography
(Bournemouth, UK: Talking Machine Review, 1982). For a collection of recordings of
all the Billy Williams songs, see J.P. Myerscough, Billy Williams: All the Songs
set and accompanying notes] (Lowestoft, UK: Music Hall Masters, 2001).